Documentary photos of the monasteries of Meteora in Greece for The National Geographic Magazine story on UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Photos of Meteora Greece for National Geographic magazine story about UNESCO World Heritage Sites (October 2002).
Photo of The Holy Monastery of Roussanou, Meteora, Greece (left) and photo of Ossuary for monks at The Great Meteoron Monastery, Meteora, Greece (right).
Meteora is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List under criteria I, II, IV, V and VII. The Holy Monastery of Rousanou was founded in the mid 16th century. Today it is a flourishing nunnery with 13 nuns in residence (in 2015).
Meteora Monasteries, Kalambaka [Kalabaka] town, Kalambaka Province, Thessaly Region, Greece.
“The Meteora (/ˌmɛtiˈɔːrə/; Greek: Μετέωρα, pronounced [meˈteora]) is a rock formation in central Greece hosting one of the largest and most precipitously built complexes of Eastern Orthodox monasteries, second in importance only to Mount Athos. The six (of an original twenty-four) monasteries are built on immense natural pillars and hill-like rounded boulders that dominate the local area. It is located near the town of Kalambaka [Kalabaka] at the northwestern edge of the Plain of Thessaly near the Pineios river and Pindus Mountains.
The name Meteora means “lofty”, “elevated”, and is etymologically related to meteor. Meteora is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List under criteria I, II, IV, V and VII.
Caves in the vicinity of Meteora were inhabited continuously between 50,000 and 5,000 years ago. The oldest known example of a man-made structure, a stone wall that blocked two-thirds of the entrance to the Theopetra cave, was constructed 23,000 years ago, probably as a barrier against cold winds – the Earth was experiencing an ice age at the time – and many Paleolithic and Neolithic artifacts have been found within the caves.
Meteora are mentioned neither in the Greek mythology nor in the Ancient Greek literature. The first people to inhabit Meteora after the Neolithic Era were an ascetic group of hermit monks who, in the 9th century AD, moved up to the ancient pinnacles. They lived in hollows and fissures in the rock towers, some as high as 1800 ft (550m) above the plain. This great height, combined with the sheerness of the cliff walls, kept away all but the most determined visitors. Initially, the hermits led a life of solitude, meeting only on Sundays and special days to worship and pray in a chapel built at the foot of a rock known as Dhoupiani.
As early as the 11th century, monks occupied the caverns of Meteora. However, monasteries were not built until the 14th century, when the monks sought somewhere to hide in the face of an increasing number of Turkish attacks on Greece. At this time, access to the top was via removable ladders or windlass. Nowadays, getting up is a lot simpler due to steps being carved into the rock during the 1920s. Of the 24 monasteries, only 6 (four male, two female) are still functioning, with each housing fewer than 10 individuals” (Wikipedia).